Sierra Leone Food Security Trend

Over the past 10 years, the level of food security has gradually reduced with a corresponding increase in the level of insecurity. In 2010, less than half of the population were food insecure, which increased to half in 2015, and more than half in 2020 as shown at 47%, 50%, and 57% respectively. To date, an estimated 4.7mil people are food insecure with about 70% in the rural areas and 30% in the urban areas.

Severe Food Insecurity

In 2020, over 4.7mil people are estimated to be food insecure with about 20% of them being with a severe case. From 2015 to 2020, more than half a million people added to the food insecurity count with deepened level of severity. As presented in the chart, 2010 presented 7% severe food insecurity from the total country population, 9% in 2015, and 12% in 2020, showing that the level of severity in food insecurity has graudally increased over the past 10 years.

Rice Self-Sufficiency Target: 86% by 2023

YearNational Requirement (Milled - Mt)Actual Production (Paddy Mt)Milled Equivalent for Actual Production (Mt)Estimated Rice Self-Sufficiency (%)
20191,051,371
947,464
568,478
45.9%
20201,085,015
1,203,496
636,684
57.7%

From the table above, it is shown that there has been an increase of 11.2% in rice self-sufficiency from 2019 to 2020 production season.